Skip Navigation

Saint John of God

Cuzco School

European Art

The unidentified artist who painted this bucolic scene, dominated by the figure of the sixteenth-century Portuguese monk Saint John of God holding the infant Christ, was part of a European-influenced painting tradition that first developed in the sixteenth century in Spanish colonial Cuzco, Peru. Delicate flowers, birds, and trees spread across the composition, unifying the saint with vignettes of the Flight into Egypt at left and other saints at right.

Eighteenth-century estate inventories in New Spain described these types of paintings as “landscapes inhabited by saints.” Although similar religious subjects hung in churches in colonial Peru, the prominence of landscape made this kind of painting equally desirable for private collectors.
ARTIST Cuzco School
MEDIUM Oil on canvas
  • Place Made: Cuzco, Peru
  • DATES 18th century
    PERIOD Colonial Period
    DIMENSIONS 39 3/4 x 59 1/2in. (101 x 151.1cm) frame: 42 5/16 x 62 1/4 x 2 1/2 in. (107.5 x 158.1 x 6.4 cm)  (show scale)
    COLLECTIONS European Art
    ACCESSION NUMBER 41.1275.190
    CREDIT LINE Museum Expedition 1941, Frank L. Babbott Fund
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    CAPTION Cuzco School. Saint John of God, 18th century. Oil on canvas, 39 3/4 x 59 1/2in. (101 x 151.1cm). Brooklyn Museum, Museum Expedition 1941, Frank L. Babbott Fund, 41.1275.190 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 41.1275.190_PS6.jpg)
    IMAGE overall, 41.1275.190_PS6.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2013
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
    This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement. You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form (charges apply). The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act. The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals. For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress, Cornell University, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums, and Copyright Watch. For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright. If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact
    Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome any additional information you might have.